Much has already been said about the negative effects of tobacco and, fortunately, today the number of smokers is in sharp decline compared to a few decades ago. The information campaigns promoted in Italy and in all other countries of the world have made the population more aware of the risks deriving from this terrible vice. Despite this, smoking continues to claim victims and there is still much to do in this regard.
Have you ever wondered what are the negative effects of tobacco on sport? In this article, we will talk about the consequences of nicotine intake and sports performance, a very dangerous combination that is best avoided if you want to live better and longer.
Awareness of the negative effects of tobacco
Only in recent years has public opinion been able to access objective scientific studies about the negative effects of tobacco on human health. Do you think that, years ago, in countries like the USA there were advertising campaigns in which even the doctors spoke of the supposed “benefits” of one of the components of this plant: nicotine.
Finding ourselves light years away from those extreme and dubious ethical advertising strategies, today no one doubts that smoking is harmful. But not everyone knows, in-depth, what the main damages deriving from this defect are. For example, smoking and aspirating cigarette tobacco damages the entire cardiovascular system, limiting the capacity of the lungs and urinary system, triggering a series of complications that have serious consequences even in the long term.
The negative effects of tobacco on passive smokers
But tobacco does not produce negative effects only on those who smoke. Those who live in contact with a smoker are equally victims of this poison. Keep in mind that according to studies, a smoker inspires about 15% of the smoke from his cigarettes. The remaining 85% remains in circulation and inevitably either ends up in the environment or in the lungs of passive smokers.
The most vulnerable, of course, are children. The negative effects of tobacco seriously affect at various levels, favoring clinical pictures of otitis, asthma and other respiratory diseases. All this, without forgetting the greater possibility of “inheriting” this vice from the domestic context. In a family where cigarettes abound, this habit is perceived as normal and favors the development of young smokers.
What really baffles you is to see, sometimes, mothers smoking during pregnancy. Nicotine dependence is even stronger than awareness of the serious health risks of the unborn child.
Smoking and sport: a dangerous combination
Another common mistake is to think that by doing sports, you can afford anything. If, as we have already said, tobacco produces only damage to health, then there is no sport or physical activity that can heal or counteract the negative consequences of smoking.
You absolutely must avoid smoking and playing sports, because this mix can be highly dangerous. The heart of a smoker, in fact, must make a greater effort to counteract the effects of this vice and, if stressed in an excessive way, the repercussions on your body could turn out to be very serious. Keep in mind that the number of beats per minute, at rest, is higher among smokers.
A similar discourse with regard to breathing, whose capacity is considerably impaired by the constant consumption of cigarettes.
The lungs: the organs most affected
A cigarette is the main trigger for lung cancer. And this not to mention the fact that it directly affects the rest of the organs involved in breathing, like all the airways, from the mouth to the bronchi.
By drastically limiting the capacity of the lungs, the level of oxygen reaching the blood decreases substantially. This situation produces a lack of oxygen in the tissues. Therefore there are serious risks of fatigue and consequent collapse of the entire muscular system.
Effects of smoking on the muscles
In addition to the much faster fatigue and delayed recovery processes, the negative action of smoking on the muscles goes far beyond. On the one hand, smoking cigarettes prevents and limits the growth of muscle mass, making work in the gym ineffective.
At the same time, a constant reduction in tissue size and their ability to develop resistance and strength can be caused. Among other things, because smoking generates an increase in phosphorylase, the enzyme that intervenes in the destruction of glycogen, which is the energy reserve of human muscles.
Why do you still smoke?
As you may already know, nicotine has stimulating and antidepressant effects. These characteristics are, of course, among the main causes that generate cigarette smoking addiction. After heroin, the addiction to the chemical element of tobacco is by far the strongest.
There are even those who think that smoking serves to reduce anxiety. But are you really sure that breathing in tobacco is the best answer against everyday stress? Isn’t the traffic smog enough for you? What is certainly useful for finding mental and physical balance is a sport.
If you are a smoker and want to play sports, remember that you must do it gradually and with absolute caution. It would be logical to use physical exercise to accompany a nicotine detoxification process. In short, a method to replace the feelings deriving from this vice with others, positive and healthy, produced by sport.
Keep in mind, however, that the negative effects of tobacco will persist in your body for a long time. But it’s never too late to start taking care of yourself.